What is Preschool Education?
The year in preschool education is an important period in a child's life. In preschool, children learn through playing, activities, and experiences, and gain knowledge and skills that prepare them for school.
Preschool education serves as a bridge between early childhood education and school. Preschool education helps children to adapt to school culture. Early childhood education and preschool education together form a coherent whole and a foundation for lifelong learning.
Finding the joy of learning and preserving the motivation is one of the most important goals in preschool education. During the year in preschool, children learn many important skills that they need in school and everyday life. The most important goals are to enhance children's self-esteem through positive learning experiences and teach social and group skills. In addition, preschool education emphasizes learning independence and self-control. In preschool, children gain basic knowledge and skills in different fields. Preschool also gathers information about children's development, learning abilities, and habits in order to make starting school as easy as possible.
Preschool education is defined in the Basic Education Act and the contents is based on the Finnish National Board of Education's Grounds for preschool education curriculum (2014). In Vantaa, preschool education is also based on Vantaa's preschool education plan (2019) and Vantaa's early childhood education plan (2019).
Cooperation Between Home and Preschool Education
Guardians have the primary responsibility for the education and wellbeing of their child(ren). Education partnering between the guardians and the education personnel means in early childhood education and preschool education that both parties are committed to the education process.
The guardians are given information on the contents of preschool education, as well as on development and learning support. The learning plan and the curriculum describe how preschool education should be carried out together with the family. In the fall, the parents and the personnel make a personal preschool education curriculum (LEOPS) for each child. The curriculum includes child-specific goals for the year in preschool.
If a child needs learning support, guardians can participate in the planning and monitoring. The welfare work in preschool is always done in cooperation with the guardians and with their permission. The guardians are always entitled to participate in discussions and information transfer concerning their own child.