Early Childhood Education Options
The city of Vantaa provides early childhood education services in day care centers, family day care, and group family day care, of which the family can choose the municipal or private alter-native. For children in home care, early childhood education provides clubs, open day care centers, residential parks, and temporary child care services.
Day care is an early childhood education service arranged by the municipality. Each child is entitled for early childhood education and parents are entitled to place their child in day care. In Vantaa, children can attend a day care center, family day care or group family day care.
It is defined by law that day care has to be provided in day care centers, family day care or other type of day care units. Day care can be municipal or private. Day care is arranged ac-cording to the municipality's needs, for periods of varying lengths at different times of the day. The day care services can vary from couple of hours to round-the-clock care. All under school aged children in Finland have a legal right to receive either municipal or private day care, or allowance for home care or private day care.
Impacts of amendments to Early Childhood Education Act in Vantaa
Early childhood education means planned and goal-oriented education, instruction and care that puts special emphasis on pedagogics.
Amendments to early-childhood-education legislation will enter into force on August 1, 2016. The law guarantees that all children are given early childhood education or preschool education 20 hours per week in municipal or private early childhood education.
The principles below also apply to day care related to preschool education.
1) Right to full-day early childhood education
If guardians work or study full time, act as entrepreneurs or are self-employed, their child is entitled to a full-day care place. In these cases, the present customers' service will remain unchanged.
2) Right to early childhood education for at max. 20 hours per week
When one of the parents is at home, the child is entitled to early childhood education for 20 hours per week.
caring for another child when on maternity, paternity or childcare leave or on child home care allowance
unemployed job-seeker when unemployment has lasted for two months. When the parent becomes employed, the care place will be shown immediately.
a parent is retired
work* or studying* is not full time
a parent is on job-alternation leave or laid off
3) Discretionary right to early childhood education exceeding 20 hours per week
When one of the parents is at home, the child may be entitled to early childhood education exceeding 20 hours per week due to a reason related to the child's or family's need. The extended requirement will be separately specified according to the child's and family's situation, and it may be, for instance, 25 or 30 hours per week. The extended right can also be granted for a fixed period.
The child is entitled to discretionary early childhood education exceeding 20 hours per week
• due to a parent's part-time or temporary employment, participation in a service promoting employment, rehabilitation or a corresponding reason.
• due to the child's development, need for support or family circumstances
How to act?
If the need for discretionary early childhood education exceeds 20 hours per week, the family shall provide a written account of the need. A form for the account will be available on the vantaa.fi website as of the beginning of March. In the future, the guardians must inform the child's early-childhood-education place of any changes.
More detailed instructions related to changes in early childhood education and preschool education will be given during spring 2016.
Families with children will be heard as regards service arrangements
Vantaa conducted an online questionnaire related to amendments to the Early Childhood Education Act. The questionnaire was targeted at parents and open for answers from November 20 to December 30, 2015. In addition to this, guardians can participate in regional events arranged in November and talk about the arrangement of early-childhood-education services.
You can follow the progress of the preparations on the City of Vantaa's website.
* According to the definition of the Unemployment Security Act, full-time work means employment where the working hours amount to more than 80% of the maximum working hours of a full-time employee in the field. Meanwhile, part-time work means employment where the working hours amount to at max. 80% of the maximum working hours of a full-time employee in the field. The same applies to public-service employment relationships.
The Unemployment Security Act defines an entrepreneur separately. The following affect the status of entrepreneurship: the job-seeker's own and his or her family's assets or other control in the business, as well as the job-seeker's position in the business. In order for the definition of an entrepreneur to be fulfilled, the person in question must also work in business operations. If a job-seeker is deemed to be an entrepreneur, it must be assessed whether the employment in question is full-time or part-time, which is assessed on the basis of the amount of work. If the amount of work is so big that it hinders acceptance of full-time work, at issue is full-time employment in business operations or self-employment.
** the following are deemed as full-time studies: 1) studies aiming at a university of applied sciences degree, higher university of applied sciences degree, or a lower or higher university degree; 2) high-school studies of least 75 courses; high-school studies at boarding schools are always deemed full-time studies; 3) studies other than those in paragraphs 1 and 2 whose average curricular extent amounts to at least 5 credits; three credit units or 4.5 competence points per study month; as well as studies other than those in paragraphs 1-3 whose average curricular extent amounts to at least 25 weekly hours.